Anxiety-Related Disorders

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) - characterized as excessive worry about a variety of things (grades, relationships, family, and sports performance) and the child may strive for perfectionism or be in need of approval from others.

               

Panic Disorder (PD) - when your child is suffering from unexpected panic, which happen suddenly and usually for no reason, with a fear of having another panic attack or losing control.

               

Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD) - Children typically experience separation anxiety when they are between the ages of 18 months and three years old. It is common for your child to cry when first left at daycare or preschool. If these behaviors progress when your child is older and feels as if they are unable to leave you or another member of the family, or if it takes longer to calm down, this may be an indication of SAD. SAD is most common in children ages 7-9 and the child experiences excessive anxiety away from home or parents/guardians. There is a fear of something bad happening to the family, associated with SAD. Your child may not want to go to school, sleepovers, camp, and they may need someone to stay with them at bedtime.

               

Social Anxiety Disorder- fear of social situations, activities, and performance, such as being called on in front of the class. This can hinder your child’s ability to socialize with peers, school performance, and attendance.

               

Selective Mutism- characterized as refusal to speak when talking is necessary or expected which interferes with school and/or making friends. Children with SM may appear to have a flat affect and avoid eye contact. It is likely they are talkative at home or where they feel comfortable. It is not unusual for parents to be surprised to learn that their child does not speak during school.

               

Specific Phobias- Characterized as a strong, irrational fear of an object or a situation.  Common phobias for children include animals, bad weather storms, water, and the dark, and medical procedures. Often times they will avoid the thing or situation that they fear and develop feeling of anxiety that can look like tantrums, stomachaches, headaches, and crying. They do not recognize that the fear and irrational.

               

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - Unwanted, intrusive thoughts, also known as obsessions that precede compulsions (repeated actions, rituals, or routines), which are used to alleviate feelings of anxiety. OCD diagnosis is usually around the age of 10. Boys are likely to develop OCD before puberty, while girls develop OCD during adolescence. 

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