Common Disorders

Anxiety- Categorized as excessive worry that can present in different ways. Anxiety disorders include Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Specific Phobia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Panic Disorder, Selective Mutism, and Separation Anxiety Disorder.


Depression- Is not limited to the adult population and can include symptoms such as: frequent crying, hopelessness, poor concentration, changes in eating and/or sleeping patterns, absences from schools, complaints of physical illnesses, expressions of suicide and/or self-harm, etc.


Life Transitions- An individual who is having difficulty with life changes might experience symptoms such as depression, anxiety, fatigue, headaches, difficulty sleeping, changes in eating patterns, and/or substance abuse.


Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Individuals with ADHD show a pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. These symptoms will interfere with the functioning of the child and their quality of life. These symptoms can include, but are not limited to, trouble with attention on tasks or activities and/or fidgeting or squirming in their seat.


Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) - characterized as persistent, defiant, disobedient, and hostile behavior directed towards authority figures. There is a loss of temper, arguing, and becoming angry or malicious. ODD becomes an issue when the negative behavior stands out when compared to other children of the same age and developmental level.


Conduct Disorder (CD) - Conduct Disorder is a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the rights of others or age-appropriate rules are violated. These behaviors can be aggressive that causes or threatens harm to people or animals, nonaggressive that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and recurring, serious violations of rules.


Trauma/Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Children with PTSD may have witnessed or have been directly involved with a trauma. PTSD is characterized by intense fear, anxiety, numbness, irritability, or avoidance. Not all children who experience a trauma will develop PTSD.


Eating Disorders (ED) - Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa can be characterized with distorted body image and a preoccupation with food. Those with Anorexia strive to be thin, which can be to the point of starvation. Bulimia is characterized as uncontrolled episodes of overeating which is typically followed by vomiting or misuse of laxatives.


Academic Difficulties- Learning- related social skills are correlated with early school performance and those with poor work-related skills were found to have a number of risk factors that contributed to poor academic performance. Risk factors include: lower IQ, behavior difficulties, medical problems, language problems, poverty, adolescent parents, child maltreatment, substance abuse by guardian, and mental health issues.


Substance Use Disorders (SUD) - Adolescents with Substance Use Disorders are characterized by a problematic pattern of drug or alcohol use that interferes with everyday functioning and causes psychological distress. Substances can include, but are not limited to, alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, stimulants and opiates.


Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - ASD is characterized by social problems such as difficulty communicating and interacting with other people, repetitive behaviors, limited interests or activities, and symptoms interfere with the ability to function socially, at school, or in other areas of life. Some children have limited interests and others can be overly focused on a particular object or interest in certain topics.

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